Everyone who has been convicted, charged, pleaded guilty or remains a focus of special counsel Robert Mueller’s investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 US election and possible links between the Trump campaign and the Russian government.


Paul Manafort

Trump campaign chairman

Convicted of eight counts related to tax fraud, bank fraud and failure to report a foreign bank account.

Separately, pleaded guilty to conspiring to defraud the US and conspiring to obstruct justice, in relation to his unregistered lobbying work for pro-Russian politicians in Ukraine. Plea deal collapsed after Mueller team said he had lied to investigators.

What happens next?
Due to be sentenced 5 March 2019

Pleaded guilty

Michael Cohen

Confidant and adviser to Donald Trump

Pleaded guilty to bank fraud, tax fraud and campaign finance violations concerning hush-money payments made during the 2016 election year to two women – porn actor Stormy Daniels and former Playboy model Karen McDougal – who alleged sexual affairs with Trump. Separately pleaded guilty to lying to Congress about a plan to build a Trump tower in Moscow.

What happens next?
Cooperating with investigators. Due to be sentenced 12 December 2018

George Papadopoulos

Foreign policy adviser to Trump 2016 campaign

Pleaded guilty in 2017 to lying to the FBI about the timing of meetings with alleged go-betweens for Russia. After joining the Trump campaign in March 2016 he met a Maltese professor in London who told him the Russians had “dirt” on Hillary Clinton in the form of “thousands of emails”. Papadopoulos falsely claimed he met people with Russian contacts before joining Trump’s campaign.

What happens next?
Sentenced to 14 days in prison, fined $9,500 and ordered to complete 200 hours of community service.

Michael Flynn

National security adviser to President Trump

Pleaded guilty to lying to the FBI about his contacts with Russia during the presidential transition in 2016. Failed to tell the truth about contact with the Russian ambassador that included urging Russia not to react to sanctions imposed by the outgoing Obama administration. Flynn has been a key cooperator with the Russia investigation since pleading guilty.

What happens next?
Due to be sentenced 18 December 2018.

Rick Gates

Manafort business partner and Trump campaign official

Pleaded guilty in February 2018 to conspiring against the US and lying to the FBI and admitted helping Manafort doctor financial statements, hide sources of foreign income, mislead banks to get loans and cheat on his US taxes. Struck a deal to cooperate with Mueller and gave evidence as a star witness for the prosecution in the trial of Manafort.

What happens next?
Still cooperating with Mueller in “several ongoing investigations”. Court due to be updated on progress toward sentencing on 15 January 2019.

Alexander van der Zwaan

Dutch lawyer who worked with Manafort

The 33-year-old pleaded guilty to lying to the FBI in the first formal conviction obtained by Mueller about his contacts with another former Trump adviser, Rick Gates, and a person the FBI has assessed as being tied to Russian military intelligence. Van der Zwaan worked on a 2012 report commissioned by Manafort to defend former Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych from international criticism.

What happens next?
Sentenced on April 3, 2018, to serve 30 days in prison and pay a $20,000 fine. Has since been deported.

Richard Pinedo

Online fraudster

The 28-year-old Californian pleaded guilty to identity fraud after it emerged his business setting up US bank accounts and then illegally selling them online had helped a Russian operation that used social media platforms to interfere in the 2016 presidential election. He cooperated and helped the Mueller investigation bring charges against Russian troll farms.

What happens next?
Sentenced to six months in prison and six months home detention.


13 Russian nationals and 3 entities

Social media trolls

Russia used fake social media accounts to influence the 2016 election. The companies had budgets of more than $1.2m a month and hundreds of staff creating fake content aimed at stirring up American voters using angry, polarising messages. Americans were duped into staging a Florida Goes Trump rally in August 2016, featuring a flat-bed truck carrying a cage with a Clinton lookalike behind bars in prison uniform.

What happens next?
Remarkable detail and charges against named individuals, but they are unlikely to ever come to the US to stand trial.

12 Russian military intelligence officers


A dozen named members of the Russian military intelligence unit GRU have been charged with hacking of the Democratic party and the Clinton aide John Podesta. Thousands of emails were subsequently leaked by WikiLeaks, the site DC Leaks and the Guccifer 2.0 persona, supposed to be a lone Romanian hacker who shared data with WikiLeaks.

What happens next?
Named Russian individuals charged but no prospect of anyone ever being brought to justice.

Konstantin Kilimnik

Ran Kiev office of a Manafort company

Kilimnik was a Manafort prodigy who the FBI has assessed had links to Russian intelligence. He is charged with obstruction of justice and conspiracy to obstruct justice after contacting two witnesses who also worked for Manafort in an alleged effort to coordinate their stories.

What happens next?
Kilimnik is not in custody and has not answered the charges.

Person of interest

Roger Stone

Longtime Trump associate

He has predicted he may be indicted and has been the focus of interest over possible links to WikiLeaks and the leaking of stolen Democratic party emails. Did he know in advance about the hacking, did he try to conspire with WikiLeaks over the timing of release, and did he tell anyone inside the Trump campaign?

What happens next?
Could be indicted for allegedly joining the Russian conspiracy to hack the 2016 election.

Jerome Corsi

Conspiracy theorist

The man who fuelled the “birther” conspiracy over Barack Obama’s birth certificate has confirmed that his contact with the WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange had been the focus of the Mueller team’s questions. Corsi is said to have been presented with evidence based on text messages and emails that he had not been truthful about his prior knowledge of the WikiLeaks dump of stolen emails.

What happens next?
He has said he has been offered a plea deal, which he won’t take. An indictment for lying to the FBI could follow.

Donald Trump Jr

President’s eldest son

Orchestrated the Trump Tower meeting in June 2016 with a group of Russians promising dirt on Hillary Clinton, including “very high-level and sensitive information” as part of Russian support for Trump. The Trump camp has claimed the meeting went nowhere. In evidence to Congress, Trump Jr denied telling his father about the meeting, and said he was unaware of foreign governments offering assistance, although it was later reported that Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates had offered their assistance.

What happens next?
Could face indictment for soliciting help from a foreign government, or lying to Congress about foreign assistance to the Trump campaign or whether he told his father about the Trump Tower meeting.

Jared Kushner

Senior adviser to president

Was at the Trump Tower meeting with Russians promising high-level information, but described it to Congress as a “waste of our time”. Before and after the election, he had further contact with the Russian ambassador, but told Congress the meetings were insignificant. Did he breach the 1798 Logan Act, which says no private person can contact a foreign government and try to conduct foreign policy without the permission of the United States. In the transition period after the 2016 election and before inauguration, Kushner suggested creating a back channel for contact between Russia and the Trump administration-in-waiting.

What happens next?
Could find himself in peril if other accounts suggest he lied to Congress. Logan Act has never been used to prosecute anyone.

Donald Trump


“Individual 1”, as he is referred to in Michael Cohen court documents, has long claimed the Mueller investigation is a hoax and witch-hunt. He has sometimes acknowledged Russian interference into the 2016 election, but denies any collusion, or that Russian meddling contributed to his victory. Did he conspire with the Russians, and once the existence of the FBI’s Russia investigation was confirmed, did he try to obstruct justice by firing the FBI chief James Comey?

What happens next?
A sitting president cannot be indicted, justice department guidelines suggest. Mueller could write a report which concludes there is evidence of a crime and a Democratic-held House could begin impeachment proceedings.

Original Post Source